One Size Does Not Fit All Leaders
There is no one style, personality profile, or interaction approach for an effective leader. Leaders do come in “all shapes and sizes.”
Few can deny the effectiveness of leaders such as Golda Meir, Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. Martin Luther King, Lee Iacocca, Oprah Winfrey, and Steve Jobs. They all had success and few can deny that these leaders differ significantly.There is no one style, personality profile, or interaction approach for an effective leader. Leaders come in all shapes and sizes. Click To Tweet
The management guru, Peter Drucker, noted that some of the most effective chief executives he has worked with did not have “one ounce of charisma.” He cites the example of Harry Truman as an example of a non-charismatic individual who was still one of the most effective chief executives in US history.
Drucker also states that he worked with effective leaders who were very diverse in terms of their personalities, attitudes, values, strengths, and weaknesses. Some were introverted while others were extroverted. Some were easy going and others were controlling.
Abraham Lincoln’s Road to Leadership
History also supports Drucker’s view on the diversity of effective leaders.
Abraham Lincoln is arguably one of our greatest Presidents. However, a look at his early life would not have predicted his greatness as a leader. He suffered various setbacks before becoming one of our greatest Presidents including:
• Failure of a business that left him deeply in debt;
• Limited attendance in school as a child due to his family being poor;
• An episode of severe depression;
• A refused marriage proposal.
Clearly, Lincoln’s tenacity and his ability to learn from his mistakes kept him on his road to greatness as a great leader. He did not let past failures dictate his future.Abraham Lincoln suffered many setbacks. It was his ability to learn from his mistakes and his refusal to give up that led him to become a great leader. Click To Tweet
Common Leadership Practices
While leaders are diverse in their approach, we can identify common practices that all leaders share.
In his consulting work over the years, Drucker identified eight practices that the effective executives he worked with had in common.
These eight practices are the following:
1. They asked, “What needs to be done?”
2. They asked, “What is right for the enterprise?”
3. They developed action plans.
4. They took responsibility for decisions.
5. They took responsibility for communicating.
6. They were focused on opportunities rather than problems.
7. They ran productive meetings.
8. They thought and said “we” rather than “I.”
The Lesson for Today’s Business Leaders
Effective leaders make these eight practices a normal part of their operational practices. It becomes a part of their management DNA. It is ingrained in their communications, their decision making practices, and their interactions with others. They also look at organizational mistakes differently. While mistakes have consequences, effective leaders also know that mistakes are opportunities for learning and innovation. The ability of these leaders to apply these eight practices to organizational mistakes allows them to make “lemonade out of lemons.”